Personnel Records

Personnel records are the records maintained by employers such as colleges or universities to document the employment history of individual employees.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest, like its sibling conflict of commitment, is a complex and important branch of employee ethics in higher education that can have significant legal ramifications for individuals and institutions.

Conflict of Commitment

Conflict of commitment is a complex and controversial concept with potentially significant legal consequences that generally refers to those workrelated situations in which the outside activities of college and university employees interfere with the time and effort that they are supposed to be providing for their employers.

Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining involves the practice of negotiating salaries, benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment between employers and the representatives of their employees.

Academic Freedom

The concept of academic freedom, although not enumerated in the First Amendment, is based on freedom of speech and applies generally to all levels of education.